Basic Areas of Policy Making

2123 WordsJun 17, 20129 Pages
D.G.VAISHNAV EVENING COLLEGE DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT MANAGERIAL CONCEPTS MEASUREMENT OF PERFORMANCE AND PERFORMANCE STANDARDS Name of the student : Anantha Krishna.M G Name of the faculty : Prof. Divya ____________________________________________________________________________________ BASIC AREAS OF POLICY MAKING A policy is typically described as a principle or rule to guide decisions and achieve rational outcome(s). The term is not normally used to denote what is actually done, this is normally referred to as either procedure or protocol. Whereas a policy will contain the 'what' and the 'why', procedures or protocols contain the 'what', the 'how', the 'where', and the 'when'. Policies are generally adopted by the…show more content…
------------------------------------------------- Policy cycle In political science the policy cycle is a tool used for the analyzing of the development of a policy item. It can also be referred to as a "stagist approach". One standardized version includes the following stages: 1. Agenda setting (Problem identification) 2. Policy Formulation 3. Adoption 4. Implementation 5. Evaluation An eight step policy cycle is developed in detail in The Australian Policy Handbook by Peter Bridgman and Glyn Davis: (now with Catherine Althaus in its 4th edition) 1. Issue identification 2. Policy analysis 3. Policy instrument development 4. Consultation (which permeates the entire process) 5. Coordination 6. Decision 7. Implementation 8. Evaluation ------------------------------------------------- Typologies Policy addresses the intent of the organization, whether government, business, professional, or voluntary. Policy is intended to affect the 'real' world, by guiding the decisions that are made. Whether they are formally written or not, most organizations have identified policies.[citation needed] Policies may be classified in many different ways. The following is a sample of several different types of policies broken down by their effect on members of the organization. Distributive policies Distributive policies extend goods and
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