Basic Concept on Organization Behaviour

2170 Words Jul 17th, 2005 9 Pages
Intro

Perhaps the single most important technique for motivating the people you supervise is to treat them the same way you wish to be treated: as responsible professionals. It sounds simple; just strike the right balance of respect, dignity, fairness, incentive, and guidance, and you will create a motivated, productive, satisfying, and secure work environment. Unfortunately, as soon as the complexities of our evolving workforce mix with human relationships, even the best-intentioned supervisors can find the management side of their jobs deteriorating into chaos.

Theories As corporations strive to boost earnings in an increasingly competitive environment, they inevitably turn their attention to the issue of employee
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Assumptions of theory Y are that work is as natural as play, self-direction and self-control are equally natural, and that motivation results from self-esteem and a sense of achievement; that most people seek responsibility. Theory Y also holds that imagination is present in most people and that organizations used only a tiny part of the intellectual capacity of their workforce. The contrast between X and Y solely relates to who controls human behavior. Theory X touts external control, and Theory Y promotes self control and self direction6. McGregor did not say that Y is right and X is wrong but was one of the first to argue for a situational approach to management. Adding to this analysis is W. J. Reddin who provided a third alternative, Theory Z. Theory Z is the effectiveness dimension that implies that managers who use either Theory X or Theory Y assumptions when dealing with people can be successful, depending on their situation.

Techniques

Planning: Planning involves a sense of strategic direction. What does the team need to do, in a global sense, to get to an…