Basic Econ Essay

2152 Words Jul 19th, 2013 9 Pages
Chapter 2 MCQ’s
1) According to the Law of Demand, the demand curve for a good will A) shift leftward when the price of the good increases. B) shift rightward when the price of the good increases. C) slope downward. D) slope upward. Answer: C 2) An increase in the price of pork will lead to A) a movement up along the demand curve. B) a movement down along the demand curve. C) a rightward shift of the demand curve. D) a leftward shift of the demand curve. Answer: A 3) An increase in consumer incomes will lead to A) a rightward shift of the demand curve for plasma TVs. B) a movement upward along the demand curve for plasma TVs. C) a rightward shift of the supply curve for plasma TVs. D) no change of the demand curve for plasma TVs. Answer:
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B) no government regulations exist. C) demand curves are perfectly horizontal. D) suppliers will supply any amount that buyers wish to buy. Answer: A 19) Once an equilibrium is achieved, it can persist indefinitely because A) shocks that shift the demand curve or the supply curve cannot occur. B) shocks to the demand curve are always exactly offset by shocks to the supply curve. C) the government never intervenes in markets at equilibrium. D) in the absence of supply/demand shocks no one applies pressure to change the price. Answer: D 20) If price is initially above the equilibrium level, A) the supply curve will shift rightward. B) the supply curve will shift leftward. C) excess supply exists. D) all firms can sell as much as they want. Answer: C 21) An equilibrium in a market is described by A) a price only. B) a quantity only. C) the excess supply minus the excess demand. D) a price and a quantity. Answer: D 3

22) The above figure shows a graph of the market for pizzas in a large town. At a price of $14, there will be A) no pizzas supplied. B) equilibrium. C) excess supply. D) excess demand. Answer: C 23) The above figure shows a graph of the market for pizzas in a large town. At a price of $5, there will be A) excess demand. B) excess supply. C) equilibrium. D) zero demand. Answer: A 24) The above figure shows a graph of the market for pizzas in a large town. What are the equilibrium price and quantity? A) p = 8, Q = 60

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