Basic Role of Information Systems

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Question No. 1: (a) Discuss basic roles of information systems. Support each role with an example.
I. Basic Roles of Information Systems
A. Outline:
1. Information Systems
a) Definition
b) Explanation
2. Components
3. Importance
4. Considerations
5. Roles
a) Information storage and analysis
b) Assist with making decisions
c) Assist with business processes
6. References
B. Information System
1. Definition “A set of interrelated components that collect (or retrieve), process, store, and distribute information to support decision making and control in an organization.” “An information system (IS) - is any combination of information technology and people's activities that support operations, management and decision making.
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Information systems add controls to employee processes, ensuring that only users with the applicable rights can perform certain tasks. Further, information systems eliminate repetitive tasks and increase accuracy, allowing employees to concentrate on more high-level functions. Information systems can also lead to better project planning and implementation through effective monitoring and comparison against established criteria.
Question No. 1: (b) How do e-business and IT help organizations in achieving sustainable competitive advantage? Explain.
II. Basic Roles of Information Systems
A. Outline:
1. Introduction
2. Theoretical background
3. Factors that create competitive advantage
a) Alignment between e-business & overall business strategies
b) Inter-organizational linkages
c) E-business integration with business processes
d) Organizational agility
e) Management commitment and support
f) Interaction b/w IT professionals & e-business application users
g) Organizational culture
h) Intellectual resources
B. Introduction
The exponential growth and rapid changes of e-business technologies bring both new opportunities and challenges to businesses. The underlying technologies of basic e-business functions such as data storage, processing, and transport are becoming increasingly indistinguishable among different organizations. This is because they are easily imitable and have become homogenized and are “available and affordable to
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