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Basic Treatment and Information on Attention Deficient Hyperactivity Disorder: A Guide for EC and non-EC teachers

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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ADHD, is a behavior disability that affects children from 6-12 years of age and continues to show symptoms later in their adult life. Even though large amounts of the population are affected by ADHD, it is still unknown as to what the exact cause of ADHD. Depending on what type of diagnostic is used, there are anywhere from 1-2% to 6-7% of children around the world that have ADHD. Even though the exact cause of ADHD is not known, there are many people that believe that it is a combination of genetics and environment. ADHD is currently unable to be cured, but there are several treatment plans that work to combat the symptoms and help children maintain focus in a classroom. Many of these…show more content…
However, preschoolers with early signs of ADHD may also have co-occurring oppositional noncompliant behaviors, temper tantrums, and aggression that overshadow symptoms of inattention and overactivity and confound the diagnosis. These behaviors may be given the more general label of a Disruptive Behavior Disorder (DBD), which include Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and Conduct Disorder (CD) as well as ADHD. If not already identified by an early age, preschool youngsters with ODD frequently meet criteria for ADHD by grade school. Although there are characters in novels with ADHD-like behaviors are described much earlier, the first clinical description of the syndrome was presented by Sir George Frederick Still in 1902 (Still, 1902). In a series of lectures subsequently published in The Lancet, he describes children, more often boys than girls, who display ‘an abnormal capacity for sustained attention causing school failure, even in the absence of intellectual retardation’. He provides virtually a textbook description of ADHD children: his assessment and interpretations perhaps influenced and obscured
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