Essay Battle Analysis Fort McAllister: BG William Babcock Hazen
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BG William Babcock Hazen, a proven combat leader, was able to earn, and sometimes required to demand, the respect of his subordinates. Officers during the Civil War were most often selected and promoted from within their own ranks and “an officer who stepped in to take command from outside the unit faced a far more difficult task.” Units were formed regionally and bonded by homeland associations. In three years (January 3, 1862 to May 23, 1865) Hazen, a native of Vermont, progressed from being appointed the 19th Ohio Brigade Commander to being the 2D Division Commander and finally, to being the XV Corps Commander despite always being viewed as an outsider by his Soldiers. He earned his rank and positions of responsibility not by…show more content…
At dawn on December 13, 1864 BG Hazen and his 2D Division of the XV Corps began their approach of Fort McAllister for its eventual assault just before sunset. Fort McAllister is located five miles inland along the southern bank of the Great Ogeechee River which empties into the Ossaba Sound off the Atlantic Ocean. The successful assault and occupation of Fort McAllister by BG Hazen resulted in all Confederate forces garrisoned there being killed (16) wounded (28) or made prisoners (195) One mortar, 11 siege guns, and 12 field artillery pieces along with 60 tons of ammunition were captured. Immediately useful was the stockpile of commissary goods (i.e., 1,000 pound of bacon, 2,200 pounds of bread, 40 gallons of molasses, 50 pounds of candles, and salt.) Most importantly, communication and supply lines were secured with the “gun-boat fleet and fleet of transports… snugly at anchor in Port Royal Harbor, one hundred miles” to the north. Consequently, the capture of Fort McAllister and establishment of Union logistical support at Savannah’s back door spurred LTG William J. Hardee, Commander of the Confederate Army Department of SC, GA, and FL, to order the evacuation of Confederate forces from Savannah by December 21, 1864.
The defending garrison commander of Fort McAllister, MAJ George W. Anderson, commanded a force of ranging between 230 and 265 Confederate Soldiers who had yet to be tested by an assaulting land force. Among the Soldiers