The Second World War was a massive event that left the whole world shocked and saddened of the outcomes. World War 2 was known mostly because of who ruled, Adolf Hitler was the leader of the Nazis. The Nazis where a German army who terrorized Europe and the world with the in humane treatment of people and mostly the treatment of the Jews. Australia’s involvement in ww2 will be the main focus of this essay. Australia lost over 30 000 people who became in prisoned by the Nazis. To follow on with the hypothesis of Australia’s involvement and contributions to WW2 was significant due to their alliances with Great Britain and the USA largely affect Australia even to this day, I will be discussing this through the rest of the essay.
This was also the first campaign the Australia basically manned by them self, proving the Australia need to be taken serious in the world war. At the start of the war Australia was not taken as a threat more as a giant island that has good post position in Asia. As Japan was concurring Asia the last piece of the puzzle was Australia which they japan was going to concur by using papa new Guinea as a vantage point which would have gave them easy access to Australia. This lead Australia to deploy its troops in Port Mosby. As most of the better trained had already been deployed this lead Australia to deploy the “backups”. This ultimately lead Australia becoming a major power in Asia, also providing to Australia overall strength as a
As the Kokoda fighting began in July 1942 , the scheme of both sides was in transition. The Japanese felt it was time to defend their gains, and halt the fighting and advancing. But the Allies were thinking differently. Having massive amount troops, ships, aircraft and supplies in New Zealand and Australia, they made the decision to launch a counterattack to defend and retake some of the islands that were occupied by the Japanese. Papua had no particular resource that they desired, but it was a useful link in the chain of defences of the newly conquered area of Japan. So because Japan was quickly gaining new lands closer to Australia, posing a threat to Australia’s safety, the battle of Kokoda was the most important Australian-fought victory, in terms of winning the war. The campaign helped to shape Australia’s post-war training practices and military operations. Although it was not they first victory against Japan, it allowed the allies to make thrust forward through ‘island hopping’ and ultimately win the war. Kokoda was the battle that ended Japan’s dominance and permitted the Allies to go on the offence. Australia greatly learned from their Kokoda experience, and subsequently improved their strategic thinking. They learned to not purely rely on naval defences, and realised that they cannot just let other countries dot the fighting. “…the modern Australian professional army was
The Darwin bombings were carried out so that naval ties would be cut between Australia and the US. The Japanese had intentions to conquer land in South East Asia and the Pacific in order to
Japan would have stopped supplies being transported and communication between America and Australia and prevented Americans from training in Australia. Upon capturing Port Moresby, the Japanese could also launch “Amphibious operations - the sending of armies across the sea to invade another land mass” (The Australian Government Department of Veterans’ Affairs, 2016) on Australia. They weren’t able to do this previously because the launching of amphibious attacks required a base that is close to the landing point (The Australian Government Department of Veterans’ Affairs, 2016) so Port Moresby was an ideal launching base. Separation from America would make Australia very vulnerable and the Japanese would then be able to pressure Australia into surrendering. Therefore, the Kokoda Campaign saved Australia from isolation and the threat of Japanese invasion, as it prevented Japan from capturing Port Moresby.
The reason japan raided and attacked Australia wasn't because we were a threat to them and we were going to invade them it was because their leader wanted to invade and attack and colonise Timor how ever Japan thought that if they invaded Timor they somehow thought that Australia would either invade japan of worse ruin their planes and help defend Timor and help fight of the Japanese. This attack was not provoked, Australia was going up against Japan in the war but was not considered a threat to them due to the fact that they were aided with America.
Battle of Oriskany occurred on August 6, 1777, when the local Tryon County Militia attempted to come to the relief of the besieged Fort Schuyler (Stanwix). On July 30, 1777, the militia's commander, General Nicholas Herkimer, had ordered his men to begin assembling at Fort Dayton (located in the modern Herkimer area). By August 4, around 800 of the militia were assembled and ready to begin the march to relieve Ft. Schuyler. The militia brigade was composed of four regiments, mostly of Palatine German immigrants or descendants: The 1st (Canajoharie) Regiment under Col. Ebenezer Cox, the 2nd (Palatine) Regiment under Col. Jacob Klock, the 3rd (Mohawk) Regiment under Col. Fredrick Visscher, and the 4th (Kingsland-German Flatts) Regiment under Col. Peter Bellinger.
The battle of King’s Mountain is the topic that I have chosen. The battle was between the Patriots and the Loyalists. The Patriot’s militia was called the Green Mountain Boys and the Loyalist’s militia was the Hessians. The war happened in King’s Mountain, South Carolina on October 7, 1780. This battle was a great triumph for the American Patriots. That area was the death of the British militia leader Patrick Ferguson.
“Many historians consider the Battle of King's Mountain on October 7, 1780 to be the turning point in America's War for Independence.” (hankla)
The Battle of Kokoda was extremely significant for Australia in World War Two, not only because of the bravery shown by young Australian men, but of the outcome of their triumphant adversity. The Kokoda campaign not only saved Australia from potential isolation and possible invasion but was a victorious battle for Australia which led to the further improvements in Australian military procedures and subsequent war processes. Furthermore, our secure tactical location at Port Moresby prevented the Japanese army from invading it. The fearless and courageous acts displayed by the 39th Australian Infantry Battalion shaped Australia as a nation. Through the bombing of Darwin, Broome and Townsville, as well as the Japanese invasion at Sydney Harbour,
The Kokoda trial lead Australia to victory in World War 2. The Japanese troops first landed on Gona, north coast of Papua New Guinea and began their invasion on July 21, 1942. After many months of trying to capture Port Moresby the Japanese were denied every time by the Australia force. The Japanese attempted to attack by sea but the Australian Navy denied them for reaching Port Moresby.
The Japanese were no longer in any position to take Port Moresby and Australia. Australian troops slowly but surely took back Papa New Guinea as the Japanese fled back over the mountains in defeat. The aftermath of this war and Japanese first defeat led to various impacts on
Australia had already been threatened by the Japanese when they bombed Darwin, Broome and Townsville and also when the Japanese submarines entered Sydney Harbour (Australia Oxford Word Humanities). At the time Australian citizens were terrified for their safety, so Australia had to gain victory at the Battle of Kokoda. Australia and Japan fought for the control of Port Moresby as it held an important tactical position and it contained and airfield which could be used to move troops overseas to fight as well, since Australia won it forced Japan to use the Kokoda trail to advance on the city and make a base for attacking the Australian mainland. Having gained victory after the battle of Kokoda, Australians moral was significantly boosted due to the fact that they had won against staggering odds,
In the beginning of war, Japanese victory in Pacific terrified West Cost Americans. Partial victory for Americans appeared when Japanese capital Tokyo was bombed. It was less of a material loss but huge in terms of psychological attack. It was followed by the Battle of Coral Sea in May 1942 and after that the decisive Battle of Midway Island took place. U.S. aircraft carriers destroyed three out of four Japanese carriers that sabotaged their further plans of invasion and they adopted a defensive strategy.
The Battle of Kalavrye was fought in 1078 between the Byzantine imperial forces of general (and future emperor) Alexios Komnenos (pictured) and a force led by the rebellious governor of Dyrrhachium, Nikephoros Bryennios the Elder. Bryennios had rebelled against Michael VII Doukas (reigned 1071–78) and had won over the allegiance of the Byzantine army's regular regiments in the Balkans. Even after Doukas's overthrow by Nikephoros III Botaneiates (r. 1078–81), Bryennios continued his revolt, threatening Constantinople. After failed negotiations, Botaneiates sent the young general Alexios Komnenos to confront him. The two armies clashed at Kalavrye on the Halmyros river. Komnenos, whose army was considerably smaller and far less experienced, tried