Battle Of The Santa Cruz Islands Research Paper

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The Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands was a naval battle between the United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy. This was one of a hand full of naval battles that happen within visual range of each other. The first strikes of the battle took place on 26 October 1942. The two fleets pulled out of range from each other on 27 October 1942. The battle took place in the Pacific Ocean around the Solomon Islands. This battle was labeled as a Japanese tactical victory, but later to prove that it was an American strategic victory. Due to the amount of damage and loses that the Japanese Navy took. It took away from the fleets’ involvement in the battle for Guadalcanal, contributing to the Allied victory in that campaign. The battle took place …show more content…

The U.S. fleet spotted the enemy ships first, but the report did not make it to Admiral Kinkaid until later. Around 0655 both fleets had positive sighting and the Japanese where the first to get their strike force up and moving. The U.S. fleet followed. Around 0840 opposing strike forces passed sight of each other. Shortly after this the aircraft to attack the ships. The Chikuma cruiser was hit on a second wave with two 1,000 lb bombs and took heavy damage. Causing the cruiser to move out of the battle. About 0910 a Japanese bomber hit the Hornet’s flight deck piercing three decks. Within minutes two more large bombs hit leaving the Hornet dead and burning. During this time other ships were damaged by aircraft and ship guns. Taking heavy to light damage. With the Hornet out of action and the Enterprise damaged badly. At 1135 Kinkaid made the decision to pull the Enterprise and her escort ships out of the battle area. Recovering what aircraft they could the U.S. fleet pulled out of the engagement. Leaving the Hornet behind. From 1140 to 1400 the Japanese ships recovered the few aircraft and then moved for follow-up strikes. At that time the Admiral Kondo moved toward the last known position of the U.S. fleet. The last wave from the Japanese hit the Hornet when in tow from the Northampton around 1520. At that point the ship was sinking fast and the crew started to …show more content…

But with the fleets being so close to each other it was hard for them to move about for more tactical placement. So, with the size of the Japanese fleet and the fact that they got off with the attack first lead them to sink one of the Allied carriers. But also with the amount of damage the Japanese fleet took, the Allied forces used that to push harder and win battles against the naval fleets of Japan. So on the grand scale of things this battle was a Japanese tactical victory, but later to prove that it was an American strategic victory. So most Naval expert have the argument that overall battle was a win for the Allied fleet, due to the heavy loss of aircraft from the Japanese fleet. When other’s stand by the lost carrier of the Allied to the Japanese fleet. I believe that when you look at total damage to both fleets to include aircraft. I still think that the Japanese fleet won this battle. When you look more into larger scale the information that is present yes it was a strategic victory for the Allied forces. With being able to repair and push the ships back into battles and the fact that they still had many of their seasoned aircraft crews. Helped down the road for an overall victory over the Japanese. In many Naval books this battle is used as an example on how a small battle can still affect the overall victory and how in this case it did. It also is

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