Battle of Yorktown Analysis

2211 Words Jul 7th, 2011 9 Pages
Battle of Yorktown
During the American Revolution, the Americans and French (Franco-American coalition) fought the British at the Battle of Yorktown also known as “The Siege of Yorktown”. The Americans and the French fielded a combined force of roughly 16,000 soldiers to defeat the British force estimated at 7,000 soldiers. American General George Washington and French Lieutenant General de Rochambeau led the American and French soldiers. The British commanding officer was Major General Lord Cornwallis. The battle occurred from September 28 thru October 19, 1781. Cornwallis lost his dominance in the Carolinas and decided to march his army north to Virginia and seize Yorktown and Gloucester along the York River.
What led to the Battle
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Throughout the week, the bombardments were continuous between the Franco-American forces and the British. On one occasion, Cornwallis tried to attempt to disable allied guns. On October 16, he was successful in disabling four guns because they pretended to be an American detachment. While trying to push forward the British troops were able to disable two more guns before forced back by a French covering party. Those guns, however, were again operational within 6 hours. By this time, Cornwallis was running out of options. He tried to retreat through Gloucester but was unable to because of lack of transportation, weather and the continued indirect fire his troops were receiving.
The observation and fields of fire favored the Franco-American forces. They were prepared to conduct reconnaissance on the British to gather intelligence that was useful in their attacks. They were able to destroy, neutralize, and suppress the enemy with effective artillery bombardments. The Franco-American troops were also able to occupy the abandoned redoubts, which helped establish fire superiority. The British were able to fire artillery in retaliation but fell short in accomplishing large amounts of damages. As the British crossed the river into Gloucester, they suffered a high number of casualties at the hands of the cannon batteries. At this point in the battle, Cornwallis did not have enough ammunition or supplies and

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