Battle of the Plains of Abraham Essay example

2498 WordsOct 17, 201210 Pages
Sealing the Fate of North America The battle of the Plains of Abraham was fought on the 13th of September 1759. It was the result of a three-month British siege of the French North American capital of Quebec City. Although the battle lasted for a short period of time, involved comparatively few troops, and caused few casualties, the effects of the battle were far reaching. The British victory at the battle resulted both in the death of the French general – the Marquis de Montcalm – and the British major general James Wolf. More importantly, the battle resulted in the capture of Quebec, which in turn, led to the capture of the remaining French territories of North America. In the previous years of French and Indian war – the North…show more content…
The battle resulted in 644 French casualties to 658 British dead. Following the battle, the majority of the French army abandoned Quebec and the defensive works to the East of the City, marching west to combine with the 3,000 men. Quebec was left under the command of Jean-Baptiste-Nicolas-Roch de Ramezay who, on the 18th surrendered Quebec to the British. The battle had a huge impact on the war in North America. The remaining French troops attempted to re-take Quebec but were unable due to lack of siege equipment and reinforcements. French forces retreated to their last Canadian stronghold - Montreal. Montreal, in turn, surrendered on the 8th of September 1760. Following the capture of Montreal, French resistance had collapse, and there were no more real threats to the new British territories of North America. In the treaty of Paris, which officially ended the 7 years war in North America, France ceded the Louisiana territory to Spain to compensate for Spain’s losses, and regained Guadeloupe and Martinique as well as Saint Pierre and Miquelon and fishing rights in the Gulf of the St. Lawrence. While the Battle of the Plains of Abraham was not particularly large and caused few deaths on both sides, it was one of the most important battles fought on Canadian soil. The results were the deaths of the Marquis de Montcalm and general Wolf, as well as the British capture of Quebec. The capture of the city
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