Bauhaus: Influences on Photography and Architecture

1648 Words Jun 20th, 2011 7 Pages
History of Photography
Final Research Project
Bauhaus: Influences on Photography and Architecture

After the defeat in the First World War and the fall of the German monarchy, Germany faced darkness and lost hope in the future. Walter Gropius, a German architect, who served in the war, saw the need of re-orienting the art world for the better (Westphal, 7). One year after the First World War, 1919, Gropius opened a school in Weimar, Germany called the Bauhaus school. His intention for this school was to create a total work of art in which all arts would be brought together (Bayer, 12). He also wanted to create a “consulting art center for industry and the trades” (Bayer, 13). In his Bauhaus Manifesto, Gropius mentions
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Some of his assignments were to create an impression of three-dimensionality in a two-dimensional drawing, and figurative studies drawing from nature (Westphal, 51). Wassily Kandinsky taught analytical thought process to help students understand the basic concepts of design in painting. His class included learning color, shapes, lines, composition, and characteristics (Westphal, 54). Paul Klee taught the analysis of sensory perception, picture construction, and color theory on a more intense level (Westphal, 59). He mentions that Expressionism, the strength to discover the inner strength, and science played a huge role in his curriculum (Westphal, 59). Oskar Schlemmer taught stage and costume design (Westphal, 60). After the preliminary courses, students would have the opportunity to eight workshops: furniture, metal, print and advertizing, photography, theatre, wall painting, ceramics, and weaving (Westphal, 73). These courses prepared students to acquire solid craft skills. Also, just like the preliminary courses, the workshop would be an in-depth learning and experience of each subject. The photography department was under Walter Peterhans in 1929. Photography was initially only used for catalogue illustrations for advertising (Moholy-Nagy, 134). With Moholy-Nagy’s enthusiasm in photography, he was able to bring respect to the Bauhaus school. Moholy-Nagy also suggested the term
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