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Strategic Management BCG Matrix Written by : Afringga Qurani A.S. (008201100114) Dery Apriani S. (008201100033) Firdausi Fananiar (008201100086) Mutmainnah Hauliyah (008201100120) Putri Azizah S. (008201100023) Rizqi Mulia Raya (008201100106) Lecturer : Mr. Irfan Habsjah Class : Accounting 2 President University Jababeka Education Park, Jalan Ki Hajar Dewantara, Cikarang – Bekasi 17550 BCG Matrix Definition of BCG Matrix Boston Consulting Group (BCG) Matrix is a four celled matrix (a 2 * 2 matrix) developed by BCG, USA in 1970, to help corporations with analyzing their business units or product lines. This help the company allocate resources and is used as an analytical tool in brand marketing, product…show more content…
If the question mark does not succeed in becoming the market leader, then after perhaps years of cash consumption it will degenerate into a dog when the market growth declines. Question marks must be analyzed carefully in order to determine whether they are worth the investment required to grow market share. • Stars are units with a high market share in a fast-growing industry (High Market Share / High Market Growth). The hope is that stars become the next cash cows. Sustaining the business unit's market leadership may require extra cash, but this is worthwhile if that's what it takes for the unit to remain a leader. When growth slows, if they have been able to maintain their category leadership stars become cash cows, else they become dogs due to low relative market share. As a particular industry matures and its growth slows, all business units become either cash cows or dogs. The natural cycle for most business units is that they start as question marks, then turn into stars. Eventually the market stops growing thus the business unit becomes a cash cow. At the end of the cycle the cash cow turns into a dog. The overall goal of this ranking was to help corporate analysts decide which of their business units to fund, and how much; and which units to sell. Managers were supposed to gain perspective from this analysis that allowed them to plan with confidence to use money generated by the cash cows to fund the stars and, possibly, the question marks. As the
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