Becoming a Criticallly Reflective Teacher by Stephen D. Brookfield

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The thesis of Stephen D. Brookfield’s book, Becoming a Critically Reflective Teacher, is that teachers usually have specific assumptions about what effective teaching really means and what it entails. In this regard, teachers embark on imparting knowledge and new skills to their students based on what they assume to be the best approaches as appertains to effective teaching. Additionally, Brookfield (1995, p. 9) goes on to propose that these teachers never really pose to examine the nature of these assumptions, which essentially guide the way they intuitively instruct their students. Some of these assumptions might be well-meaning but they might not necessarily translate to effective teaching. This is especially the case where
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Merriam,. Caffarella, & Baumgartner introduces a roadmap for pedagogical effectiveness in a similar form to Brookfield’s. Though the two texts are different, they mainly aim at proving methods through which teachers can enhance their effectiveness as they seek to impart knowledge to their students. Merriam, Caffarella, and Baumgartner (2007) seek to describe available methods of instruction with regard to adult learning. In this regard, they provide what they consider to be the most ideal framework for adult learning thereby giving teachers tool with which they can achieve effectiveness. For instance, they discuss various learning paradigms applicable to adult learning, including Malcolm Knowles’s classic andragogical model (p. 83) among others, which falls in line with Brookfield’s fourth lens of consulting available pedagogical theoretical frameworks.
Brookfield (1995) is therefore providing much needed information with regard to effective learning, which applies even in the case of adult learning. As such, his four lenses prove to be the key to providing the sought-after effectiveness. Since he set out to describe the ways in which teachers can achieve effectiveness through critical reflection, he achieved his goal using his four-lens framework. This is indeed valuable in the education sector since it will help teachers across the board learn how to develop better teacher

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