Tornados are one of the most destructive and devastating natural forces on Earth. When a tornado is fully created, wind speeds can reach up to more than 300 mph (483 km/h). Most tornadoes that occur are between the Appalachians and Rocky Mountains, but tornados can happen where ever the conditions are right. 90% of tornadoes that happen in the United States, happens in the Central United States. Even though scientist have not yet understood how tornadoes are formed, they’ve developed a theory that consist of the process and conditions of which a tornado must have to form.
There are about 1,200 tornadoes each year. These tornadoes happen in flat land, but usually don’t do that much damage. Sometimes they are in hurricanes, but only in the North East side of it. Tornadoes are usually not very big. They make paths and are shaped like cones.
Tornadoes can like I said before unfortunately cause the lives of many innocent people. Did you know that the Joplin tornado killed 158 people which is a lot of innocent people lives? Tornadoes don’t only effect humans they can ruin animals shelters which is a very major problem. Tornadoes destroy many houses which people need to rebuild which is a big time consumer and takes many money. Tornadoes also effect animal food chains because tornadoes don’t only kill humans they kill animals too.
Before a tornado hits you should have a ready kit such as a weather radio, batteries, snacks, and flashlights and have a communication plan with your family. You should also be aware of the radio, or newscasts for information. Be on alert for any change in the weather and danger signs such as dark, often green sky, large hail, a large low-laying cloud especially if it rotates and loud roaring sounds. Be prepared to take immediate cover (ready.gov). It is suggested we know the difference between a watch and a warning. A watch means to be aware of any possible threats of a tornado and a warning means to take cover immediately. During a tornado people, should seek shelter away from window, doors, outside walls and be on the lowest level possible such as a basement. It is recommended to cover your head. If you are caught outside you should lie in a noticeably lower level of the road way, or get inside the vehicle and buckle up. After the storm, you should be aware of the media and stay away from any down power lines. If you are trapped, you should tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. Although no one knows when a tornado may hit, we should be aware and
Tornadoes can tear apart buildings, cars, forests, and can kill numerous people. In the U.S. alone, tornadoes cause 70 fatalities and 1,500 injuries on average annually (“Tornado Facts And History”). A tornado swept through Yellowstone in the late 1980’s which left a path of destruction up and down a 10,000-foot mountain (“Tornado Facts”).
The damage from tornadoes comes from the strong winds they contain. It is generally believed that tornado wind speeds can be as high as three hundred miles per hour in most violent tornadoes. Wind speeds that high can cause automobiles to become airborne, rip ordinary homes to shreds, and turn broken glass and other debris into lethal missiles. The biggest threat to living creatures, including humans, from tornadoes is from
Those who live in tornado alley as it’s called, knows that when they hear the warning sirens to be on the watch. Then as one looks at the skies they see the dark clouds gathering together as the winds start to blow, rain is starting to fall and then off in the distance you can see a funnel cloud now forming and then you have a tornado coming towards you.
On May 22, 2011 the city of Joplin, of Missouri, was impacted by an EF-5 tornado. There were 158 deaths with over a thousand injured because of the tornado. There was also an EF-2, EF-3, EF-4, and EF-1 at the same time as well. The tornado was on the ground for 22.1 miles and lasted 38 minutes from start to finish. EF-5s have been reported as having mini tornados inside the EF-5 tornados. EF-5s are the powerfulliest and biggest tornadoes in history. Even though they are big and powerful, they travel very slow, so it will be very easy to possibly outrun one in a car. Tornadoes will sound like a loud roar, or a freight train. To know when a tornado is coming, the sky will turn dark, or sometimes a greenish color and as I said before, you
Tornadoes are very complex natural events. The tornado has to be the right size so that the tornado can release the rain at the precise amounts. If the tornado was too small the tornado would not produce enough heat to create a vacuum. The height from the ground is also a really important factor in the creation of a tornado. This is because the higher up the tornado is from the ground the more air the tornado will have rushing into it. These are just some of the many factors that have to be exactly perfect for a tornado to be naturally created and sustain the wind speed required for it to be a tornado.
The effects of tornadoes after the event of a strike can be potentially devastating, ranging from light damage to buildings to destroying entire cities. In this paragraph, there will be a list of some common side-effects of tornadoes. A well-known one is the appearance of cracks in the ground, but another is raining animals (yes, raining animals.) This happens when animals are sucked up by a tornado. How many animals it sucks up depends both on how heavy they are or how strong the tornado is. After a tornado, miles away from where it was picked up, a cow landed on someone’s car hood (yes, a cow.)
A question that is asked is, “What is a tornado”? Tornadoes are destructive to people and things. Tornadoes are a result to patterns of changing weather (FEMA). Dry air from the southwest and humid air from the Gulf of Mexico meet the warm dry air come through tornado alley that creates a wind sheer. A tornado can move up to 113 to 200 miles per hour. Tornadoes are very destructive to communities and people (Erased by a Tornado). Another general question is, “How do scientists measure the tornado”? Scientists measure tornadoes with the Fujita scale. The Fujita scale uses three second wind gusts. Scientists check the air patterns a day before. There has been five units measured for tornadoes (noaa.com).
You will see it noted as F0-5, F0 being minimal damage, F5 being the worst damage possible. An F0 would be a tornado that has an estimated wind speed of less than 73 miles per hour and does minimal damage, such as branches breaking off trees, or shallow-rooted trees being pushed over. An F1 would be a tornado that has wind speeds between 73 and 112 miles per hour. The tornado would cause moderate damage, examples being surfaces of roofs being torn off, or moving automobiles being blown off the road. An F2 rated tornado would have wind speeds between 113 and 157 miles per hour. This would cause considerable damage, such as large trees being snapped or uprooted, cars being lifted off ground, or roofs being torn off the frames of houses. An F3 would be a tornado that has wind speeds of anywhere between 158-206 miles per hour. It would cause severe damage, examples being that roofs, and some walls, being torn off of well constructed houses, or cars being lifted off the ground and thrown. An F4 would be a tornado whose wind estimate is between 207-260. The damage would be devastating, such as buildings or structures that had weak foundations would be blown away, traveling some distance. Also, cars would become large missiles due to them being lifted and flung in the air. Now, for the worst of them all. An F5 would be an approximate
A tornado is a violent rotating column of air extending from a thunderstorm to the ground. The most violent tornadoes can produce massive destruction with wind speeds of 250 miles per hour or more. The typical tornado moves from southwest to northeast, but they have been known to move in any direction. The average forward speed of a tornado is 30 miles per hour but it may vary from stationary to 70 miles per hour. Although tornadoes occur in many parts of the world, they are found most frequently in the United States east of the Rocky Mountains during the spring and summer months. In an average year, 800 tornadoes are reported nationwide, resulting in 80 deaths and over 1,500 injuries.
Most tornadoes come from thunderstorms. You need warm moist air and warm dry air. When the two airs mix it causes a tornado. Changes in the wind direction will cause the tornado to speed up.
The damage from tornadoes comes from the strong winds they contain. It is generally believed that tornado wind speeds can be as high as three hundred miles per hour in most violent tornadoes. Wind speeds that high can cause automobiles to become airborne, rip ordinary homes to shreds, and turn broken glass and other debris into lethal missiles. The biggest threat to living creatures, including humans, from tornadoes is from flying debris and from being tossed about in the wind. It used to be believed that the low pressure in a tornado contributed to the damage by making buildings "explode" but this is no longer believed to be true.