Behavior and Development of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

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This paper will review five studies concerning the behavior and development of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. The studies investigate how autism effects communication, socialization, cognitive development, and a number of other areas. Researchers use many different types of scales to measure and compare the difference between children with ASD and typically developing children.

Study 1
Morgan, Lindee, Wetherby, Amy M., Barber, Angie (2008) Repetitive and stereotyped movements in children with autism spectrum disorders late in the second year of life In this study there were three groups of children between 18 and 24 months of age participated. One group had Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), another group had
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The families who met these criteria were then mailed packets of questionnaires and were scheduled for two visits. The first visit lasted 2-3 hours and assessed the child in a laboratory setting using the Mullen Scales of Early Learning, Imitation Battery (IB), and the Early Social Communication Scales. The second visit was about 2-4 hours in a home setting and was mainly and interview of parents, primarily mothers. The interviews and scales that this was based on measures social and communicative functioning, developmental functioning from birth to 5 years 8 months, scores gross and fine motor skills, visual reception, and receptive and expressive language. The interview with the parents assessed the children’s personal and social efficiency in communication, daily living skills, socialization, and motor skills. The packets measured between the ages of 8 and 16 months and were about vocabulary comprehension, production, and use of gestures.

Study 3
Solomon, Marjorie, Ozonoff, Sally, Carter, Cameron, Caplan, Rochelle (2008) Formal Thought Disorder and the Autism Spectrum: Relationship with Symptoms, Executive Control, and Anxiety The sample of this study consisted of two groups of children aged 8-18 who are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. They were recruited from the M.I.N.D. Institute (Music Intelligence Neural Development Institute).
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