Behavioral Addictions And Substance Abuse Addictions

994 WordsDec 14, 20144 Pages
In 2013, the release of the updated Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) added gambling disorder to the category titled Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders. (The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 2013) In the previous edition of the DSM, gambling, along with other behavioral addictions were in the Impulse Control Disorders category of the DSM-III and DSM-IV (Clark, 2014). Behavioral Addictions are said to be around for hundreds of years. For example, gambling was part of daily life in ancient Greece. (Hekster, 2002). In the first edition of American Psychiatric Association in 1812, there was detailed mention of excessive sexual desire (Rush, 1812). Yet, behavioral…show more content…
(Rosenberg, Curtiss, Feder, 2014) The American Psychiatric Association defines addiction as: the failure to resist an impulse, drive, or temptation to perform an act that is harmful to the person or to others (American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc; 2000. text revision (DSM-IV-TR). This definition was not limited to substance abuse addictions. Addiction is defined by Aviel Goodman as; “Addiction is a condition in which a behavior that can function both to produce pleasure and to reduce painful affects is employed in a pattern that is characterized by two key features: (1) recurrent failure to control the behavior, and (2) continuation of the behavior despite significant harmful consequences.” (Neurobiology of addiction: An integrative review 2007 pg. 270) Marc Potenza, who did a phenomenal amount of research on behavioral addictions, believes that components of addictions are found to have the following affects: continued involvement in the behavior despite adverse consequences. No or limited self-control over the behavior which leads to compulsive involvement to this behavior. And lastly, an appetite or urge to continue practicing the substance of choice. (Potenza 2006, pg 120, the neurobiology of addiction). To answer the question, what qualifies a behavior as an addiction; A behavior can qualify as an
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