Behavioral Aspects of Project Management

2074 Words Apr 10th, 2007 9 Pages
Behavioral Aspects of Project Management
The purpose of this paper is to explore how organizational culture and human behavior influence the success of projects, in particular projects beset with issues. This paper will first answer how organizational culture influences the selection, sponsorship, prioritization, and ultimate success of projects. Secondly, answer the question of what role the project leadership plays in the success of projects and how a project manager can build and manage a successful project team. Finally, the paper will offer some strategies that could be used by a project manager to successfully manage the relationships among project team members and the relationships among the project team and external resources.
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communication skills; verbal, both one-on-one and with a group, and written, 5. people-management skill such as constructive feedback, conflict resolution, managing individual styles and personalities, 6. facilitation skills, 7. skills at interfacing across the organization and removing obstacles for the team, 8. ability to accept criticism, feedback, and input from others, 9. skills in using team-based tools such as brainstorming, organizing, decision-making, project management, conflict resolution, and so on, 10. selling skills; the ability to promote and sell the project both within and outside the organization which includes presentation skills (Kotelnikov, 2007).
Project leadership involves dealing with change. "Leadership involves recognizing and articulating the need to significantly alter the direction and operation of the project, aligning people to the new direction, and motivating them to work together to overcome hurdles produced by the change and to realize new objectives. "If leaders are to engage in purposive action they need to exhibit transformational leadership behaviors that direct people towards constructive effort and that provide others with a more integrated understanding of what is to be achieved" (Barber, Warn, 2005, para. 8). In this manner, project leadership becomes the central core of the project.
Leadership is about dealing with change. As such, project leadership's role in the
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