Behavioral Effect On Nutrition

1583 Words Nov 24th, 2015 7 Pages
Having a background in psychology led me to choose a topic that involved a behavioral effect on nutrition. When considering pica as my topic I looked at its relationship to nutrition, as pica is described as the ingestion of “non-food substances.” (Young et al 2010) With continued research into pica and nutrition, the association of iron deficiency and this disorder became pronounced.. While factors interact to cause iron deficiency, there is incidence of iron deficiency in the vulnerable populations of underdeveloped countries and in population subgroups at risk for incidence of iron deficiency. This is due to increased physiological requirements. It is in the population subgroups where there is a significant relationship between iron deficiency and pica. As someone who is studying to become a medical practitioner, I recognize the importance of screening for pica in particular population subgroups and have an increased understanding of the association between pica and iron deficiency.
The word pica is from Latin descent meaning magpie, a bird believed to have peculiar eating habits (Kushner and Retelny, 2005). Pica is the craving and compulsive consumption of nonfood substances (Young et al., 2010). Different forms of pica include amylophagy (eating of raw starch), geophagy (eating of dirt), pagophagy (eating of ice), as well as many other nonfood materials (Miao et al., 2015). Pica was first observed and noted by Hippocrates in 400 BCE (Hippocrates, 1839) and has…
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