Behavioral Intervention for Dysphagia in Acute Stroke

545 WordsJan 29, 20182 Pages
The Study, Behavioral Intervention for Dysphagia in Acute Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Looked into hospitals in Perth, Australia that had older adult patients recovering from a recent stroke, causing different levels of dysphagia. This study attempted to see how different intensity treatments would affect a patients ability to return to a pre-stroke diet within 6 months. As well, whether or not it lowered the patients risk of dysphagia related conditions such as malnutrition or death. The study enrolled 306 recent stroke victims with dysphagia, as defined by the WHO standards. The participants were split into groups of 102 that was randomly assigned by a computer generated program to remove bias. The three groups consisted of “usual care”, “low intensity care”, and “high intensity care”. Before carrying out therapy, all participants were given a videofluoroscopy as baseline data. One baseline data was carried out, the different groups started treatment. The low/high intensity care consisted of swallowing compensation strategies, (upright position while eating), appropriate dietary modifications (thickening of liquid food), and the teaching of safe swallowing techniques ( reduced rate of eating). The two experimental groups only differed by the amount of sessions per week. The low intensity group was seen 3 times a week for 1 month, and the high intensity group was seen every working day for 1 month. After 1 and 6 months, the data was assessed. The

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