Behaviorism : A Psychological Perspective

1018 WordsNov 3, 20155 Pages
Arthur Espinoza Professor McMahon Psychology 101 11/2/15 Behaviorism Behaviorism is a psychological perspective that focuses on an individual’s behavior. The main theorist behind this perspective was John Broadus Watson, who established the psychological school of behaviorism. Through his behaviorist views, he spectated the behavior of humans and animals when put into different situations. Watson published and article titled “Psychology as the Behaviorist Views it” where he explained his position on behaviorism. Watson stated that "Psychology as the behaviorist views it is a purely objective experimental branch of natural science. Its theoretical goal is the prediction and control of behavior. Introspection forms no essential part of its methods, nor is the scientific value of its data dependent upon the readiness with which they lend themselves to interpretation in terms of consciousness. The behaviorist, in his efforts to get a unitary scheme of animal response, recognizes no dividing line between man and brute. The behavior of man, with all of its refinement and complexity, forms only a part of the behaviorist 's total scheme of investigation." (Wikipedia, 2015) Humans are essentially a “tabula rasa”, or blank slate, where behavior is ultimately morphed through both external factors such as their environment and internal factors such as the natural instinct to survive and reproduce. Behaviorism can be shaped through multiple ways such as reinforcement and punishment,

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