Behaviorism : The Black Box Essay

1795 Words8 Pages
Behaviorism was established to make psychology a respectable science, Sometimes called the “black box” psychology. Behaviourists believe we are all “products of our environment” John Watson, the founder of behaviourism said “Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up and I’ll to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select – doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief, and even beggarman and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities and race of his ancestors.” (McLeod, 2016) So according to behaviorists, we learn our behavior. Behaviorists are concerned with three types of learning; Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning, and Observational learning
Classical Conditioning was first developed by Ivan Pavlov who said Classical conditioning involves learning a new behavior via the process of association. It involves two stimuli (anything from our environment) which are linked together to produce a newly learned response (behavior)
Pavlov tested out his theory on a dog, which was call Pavlov’s dogs theory. Before Conditioning there would be a unconditioned stimulus which would be food which produces an unconditioned response, this is where the dog would salivate. This stage also includes a neutral stimulus which is the bell does not produce a response. During Conditioning stage the neutral stimulus is associated with the unconditioned stimulus; which now becomes
Open Document