Behaviorism Theory Of Classical Conditioning

1700 Words Aug 31st, 2015 7 Pages
Behaviorism is a theory that behavior can be altered through conditioning. Behaviorism does not focus on thoughts or feelings of the subject, just their behavior. Ivan Pavlov was a major part of this movement of behaviorism with his theory of classical conditioning. The most important part of classical conditioning is that it is done through repetition. In his experiment he began with noticing that an unconditioned stimulus like dog food causes an unconditioned response like salivation. He then noticed that if there was a neutral stimulus like the blowing of a whistle, there would be no conditioned response like the dog not salivating. Then he began to condition the dogs. He would blow the whistle and then send food out to the dog, causing them to salivate. Because this was done repeatedly, when the dogs heard the whistle they knew food was coming and began to salivate (Slavin, pg 102). This meant he conditioned the dogs so that a conditioned stimulus like a whistle caused the dogs to have a conditioned response of salivation. Another example of behaviorism is B.F. Skinner’s theory of operant conditioning. Skinner discovered that peoples’ behavior is based off consequences. He noticed that there are positive reinforcements, negative reinforcements, positive punishments, and negative punishments. He discovered that if someone wants to encourage a behavior, they can provide a positive reinforcement which is adding a stimulus to increase the frequency of that good behavior.…
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