Behaviorism Theory On The Theory Of Behaviorism

1221 Words Oct 20th, 2015 5 Pages
One of the theories we have studied this semester in Knowing and Learning in Mathematics and Science is the Behaviorism theory. The behaviorism theory states that behaviorism is a theory on learning that only concentrates on noticeably observable behaviors and disregards any independent activities of the mind. The Behaviorism theory was brought up by Burrhus Frederic Skinner. He based this theory on operant conditioning. This theory has a reinforcing stimulus which can be modified into continuous reinforcement, a fixed ratio schedule, a fixed interval schedule and variable schedules. This allows to shape the behavior of the individual to have a certain outcome.
Behaviorism can be described as an assumption that a learner is passive meaning that it responds to its environmental stimuli. The behavior can be shaped by positive and negative reinforcement no matter of previous history. The reinforcement increases the possibility of a behavior to happen again. It is stated that behaviorism is a predecessor to cognitive learning.
One of the five most important elements of the behaviorism theory is the reinforcing stimulus. By reinforcing the stimulus it has an effect on the behavior occurring before the reward. This is key to this theory. The second most important elements of the behaviorism theory is schedules of reinforcement. As a result of scheduling the reinforcement it allows the behavior to continue without giving a reward every time the behavior is demonstrated. There…
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