Behaviorism or Social Cognitive Learning Theory

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Behaviorism and social cognitive theories are two great theories to use when setting up a behavior management plan in the classroom. They both offer reinforcements to get desired behaviors. Social cognitive theory focuses on observations that can be used to understand what and how people learn and how they take control of their own behavior (Ormrod, 2011, p. 323). Behaviorism focuses on environmental stimuli that changes individual’s behaviors (Ormrod, 2011, p. 285). Observing and taking care of own behavior and environmental alteration to change a behavior are the key differences between these two methods. When using these in the classroom, both theories are both effective if used with the right student. Behaviorism and social …show more content…
Joe cries and yells for teacher. Teacher calls office and has Bob removed from classroom by principal and Joe is escorted to nurse. “Learning is most likely to take place when stimuli and responses occur close together in time” (Ormrod, 2011, p. 287) and the moment Bob hit Joe in the face he was immediately removed from the environmental stimuli. This is an example of a stimuli and a response taking place at the same time or contiguity. Unless Bob and Joes behavior is conditioned Joe will continue to steal from Bob and Bob will punch him in the face. Classical conditioning can be exhibited after the event between Bob and Joe. Classical conditioning is when new responses are learned from the result of two stimuli occurring approximately at the same time. A hypothetical example for Bob would be because in his past experiences he has had his belongings stolen from him and in response he punches the culprit in the face when he catches them in the act. As a result of punching the thief Bob’s belongings are left untouched. Bob’s two stimuli would be the person stealing his stuff and the act of punching him in the face. Bob’s response to Joe stealing was punching him therefore a learned response. Classical conditioning of an involuntary emotional response will help understand the terms unconditioned response (UCR), unconditioned stimulus (UCS),
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