Behavioural Issues in Budgeting

2244 WordsJan 18, 20129 Pages
To : The Chief Executive From : Management Accountant Date : 19th January, 2012 To : The Chief Executive From : Management Accountant Date : 19th January, 2012 | Behavioural issues which may limit the usefulness of budgeting: | | Management Accounting | | Behavioural issues which may limit the usefulness of budgeting: | | Management Accounting | The university of northampton By Matthew Matemba 10347139 The university of northampton By Matthew Matemba 10347139 Table of Contents 1 Part A: 2 1.1 Executive Summary: 2 1.2 Background: 2 1.3 Definition: 2 2 Purposes of Budget: 2 3 Budgetary Biasing Framework 3 3.1 Budget Slack (Bias) 4 3.2 Seat of Power: 4 3.3 Budget…show more content…
Performance measurement therefore, should establish to encourage the aim of the company and not individual or departmental goal. (Hannagan, 2008, p. 569) Budget Gaming: Moreover, another limitation of useful budgeting is budget gaming which is an attempt by managers to practice bias in advance. A study shows managers also tend to game the budget after it has been implemented by making accounting entries to portray their operation in a light that are driven by desire to report better result. Hopwood in his study showed that such behaviour is more likely if managers are evaluated Hopwood (1972) See Appendix C. For example, cost centre managers attempted to charge items of cost to other cost centres and tended to time the expenditure in light of their effects on the short-term variance but such manipulation was available to relatively few people. Gatekeepers: These are employees in high position who delay in passing on vital information’s to heads of departments. Such personnel have authority to regulate the flow of information also in a position to determine various levels of management decisions. Beating the System: Individuals or groups may be able to beat the system and they are even proud of behaving in such a manner. For example, a company set a budget of £15,000 for capital equipment. Above this limit additional authority is required before any extra costs are incurred. However, the managers beating the system simply
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