Belmont Report

1279 Words Dec 3rd, 2012 6 Pages
Belmont Report: Informed Consent and Subject Selection

In the famous Belmont Report, several guidelines regarding informed consent, assessment of risk and benefits, and selection of subjects in addition to ethical practice and procedure in the area of human research are outlined. The Belmont Report attempts to summarize the basic ethical principles identified by the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research (Belmont Report, 1979). In particular I would like to discuss the standards for informed consent, assessment of risk and benefits, and selection of test subjects drawn out by the Belmont Report. These three areas of interest are said to be the applications of the general
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In the case of the artificial heart, information like the risks of death, pain, and suffering should be disclosed to the subject. In addition, the anticipated benefits (such as improved quality of life) will be discussed. However, it is important to not over compensate for potential risks by exaggerating the hopefulness in the benefits. This creates undue influence and misguidance to the subject. There are few exceptions to the rules of disclosure. In some studies it may be necessary to withhold certain information about the study from the patient. In these cases, there are strict guidelines posted for the validity of such a study. Basically, the benefits of withholding them information must greatly outweigh the risks to patient. The second step in analysis is comprehension of the information given. Information must be presented to the subject in terms that the subject will understand. If the manner and context in which the information is presented is not appropriate for the audience then the information is essentially useless because the participant doesn’t understand the ramifications of agreeing to do the study. Thus, one will have not obtained informed consent. For example, you would not expect an art teacher to understand the details quantum physics, or you would not explain the principles of math to a fourth grader through the use of advanced calculus. The

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