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Benchmark Assignment: Epidemiology Paper Grand Canyon University Concepts in Community and Public Health NRS-427V-0501 Benchmark Assignment: Epidemiology Paper Hepatitis B The definition for Hepatitis changes with whom you ask. To some it means a horrible painful way to die while others are able to look at it as a disease. The word Hepatitis means liver inflamation. The liver is a large, glandular, reddish-brown organ located in the upper right side of the abdomen. It consists of 5 lobes and secretes bile into the gallbladder and into the small intestine and aids in the digestion of lipids. Hepatitis is often caused by a virus. Hepatitis A, B, and C are the most common types in the United States but there is also a type…show more content…
Pacific Islanders and Asians have the highest risk of contracting HBV. In the United States most newborns are vaccinated. Determinants to screening and treatment for the Asian & Pacific Islanders as well as others may include: * Knowledge and awareness of the virus causing low testing rates. * Cultural stigma as many immigrants have cultural beliefs and fears pertaining to a positive diagnosis of HBV. * Language barriers as many are not native English speakers and have a limited understanding. * Lack of health insurance or a discomfort with western medicine. * Inability to access vaccine as vaccination programs have not been implemented in some countries. * Inaccuracy of tests especially for African infants. Treatment is varied. There are several drugs used to treat hepatitis in the United States. Intron A, Epivir-HBV, Pegasys, Baraclude, Hepsera, Viread, and Tyzeka are the only FDA approved drugs that have been shown to slow the virus and decrease liver damage and in some cases the virus is killed completely ("Hepatitis Treatments," n.d.). Ultimately vaccination is the best way to prevent HBV. The vaccine has been found to be effective and safe. Administration is given over a 6 month time and consists of 3-4 shots ("Hepatitis B," n.d.) and is estimated to be 95% effective. Everyone should be vaccinated but the

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