Benefits And Concerns Of Predictive Genetic Testing

998 Words4 Pages
Introduction Many new advances in medicine and medical technology have changed the field of health care. One of these new, controversial advances is predictive genetic testing. Several studies have been performed using these new methods to test for bipolar disorder, specifically in those who have a family history of the disorder. In this paper, I will highlight the benefits and concerns of predictive genetic testing, discuss how it will affect society, and argue that those with a family history of mental illnesses such as bipolar disorder should have predictive genetic testing so that, if necessary, the disorder can be treated early and prevent any adverse effects. Opposing Stance It is unethical for predictive genetic testing to be done…show more content…
Predictive genetic testing has the potential to be the basis of discrimination, as it could give employers a reason not to hire and insurers a reason not to insure (Wilde et al., 2013, p. 271). Another major concern is that it could cause a loss of privacy of personal genetic data if employers and/or insurers were given the results of the genetic testing (Wilde et al., 2013, p. 271). My Stance Predictive genetic testing for bipolar disorder would be beneficial because it increases the possibility of improved outcomes through early detection, preventive treatments and the time to tailor medications, and allows for improved reproductive decision making (Meiser et al., 2008, p. 234). Predictive genetic testing can reduce the chances of the harmful effects of bipolar disorder occurring better than if it were to go undetected. Predictive genetic testing for bipolar disorder would encourage patients to seek psychological help early (Wilde et al., 2013, p. 270-271). Early detection would allow for preventive treatments that would alleviate the disorder and its effects. In turn, this will minimize stress factors and the fear of the unknown for the patient and their family (Wilde et al., 2013, p. 271), decreasing the burden that bipolar disorder places on many different lives (Jones et al., 2002, p. 189). Predictive genetic testing could also allow the time to tailor medication to individually treat
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