Benefits Of Genetically Modified Organisms

1844 WordsOct 7, 20158 Pages
Genetically modified organisms are a result of the splitting of genetic material and then moving it to another organism’s chromosomes. This makes the ability to change plants much easier than the slow process of cross breeding that sometimes leads to the traits they want. GMO plants sometimes possess genes that had never existed before by taking DNA from other organisms and combining them to create the traits they want. Plants are given traits that allow them to survive in extreme conditions and are higher in production. The way this works is that they take DNA from another organism and they separate it, employing enzymes for the task. Only the genes that are wanted are removed. Then the enzymes interweave the gene into the previously removed DNA that is contained in a bacterial cell. Next the DNA is put back inside the bacterial cell. The bacterium is allowed to spread throughout the plant cell and the DNA worms itself into the nucleus of the plant, which then increases. This “plant tumor” is grown in a laboratory. The altered callus seed is planted and allowed to reach full maturity, creating a modified or entirely new strain of plant (Cunningham and Cunningham, 2015). Looking at genetically modified plants, here a three that everyone probably eats or at least knows of. The first are soybeans that are breed for herbicide tolerance, specifically roundup. This was transferred in a phosphate-tolerant structure found in a plant enzyme EPSPS. Taken from soil bacterium
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