Benefits and Obstacles of Genetic Sequencing

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“The Human Genome Project has already fueled the discovery of more than 1800 disease genes” (Human, 2010). Genetic sequencing is a vastly expanding industry that began with the Human Genome Project in the 1990s. The Human Genome Project was an ambitious endeavor that undertook the challenge of sequencing the entire human genome which is composed of billions of base pairs. Although this was no easy challenge, the project proved successful and in 2003 researchers finally sequenced a complete set of human Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA). This achievement was the beginning of a new era. The success of the Human Genome Project has enabled scientist to sequence an individual’s entire genome; this capability has presented both benefits and obstacles. Personalized genomic sequencing is already beginning to prove valuable in not only the medical field but is also being integrated into other fields such as criminal justice. However, genomic sequencing has generated controversy because of the questions about privacy, costs, ethics, and dependability. Genetic sequencing is a vastly expanding field that has economic, political, and social benefits, but the American Medical Association needs to adopt policies to resolve ethical uncertainties pertaining to the practice.
The essence behind genomic sequencing is deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Regardless of shape, size, color, species, or even kingdom, almost every single organism has DNA. DNA is composed of four different base pairs: adenine,
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