Essay on Benefits of Ergonomics in the Workplace

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Office ergonomics as is the case with other disciplines in ergonomics all emerged in the 1940s during the world war (McCormick and Saunders 1993). Difficulties arouse from soldiers inability to handle technical equipment produced for the war due to physical incompatibility or lack of understanding of the equipment and when the advancements in technology was transferred to the civilian populous after the war, the same problems in human-machine system incompatibility were observed. This led to a study by military personnel, academics psychologists and physiologist all researching on solutions to the complications arising from the operation of the machines (Kumar and Cohn, 2013). In the year 1949 the term ergonomics was coined from the…show more content…
This often results to injuries that can make an individual miss work for long periods or even incapacitate them. Injury to workers is expensive to organizations. This comes in the form of hefty hospital bills paid by the organization and the time wasted in attending to the injured worker is lost instead of being used for productive purposes (Omerley, 2103). Problems in the office can result from the following risk factors: repetition, long periods of exertions, awkward postures while working and exposure to high temperatures (Heyman, 2012). The resulting health problems include: Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders It is a condition which affects the muscles in the body, nerves, tendons, blood vessels, ligaments and the joints on the neck and upper limbs. Symptoms include pain, discomfort, swelling, stiffness, numbness and tingling (Heyman, 2012). This disorder is mostly related to the way an individual operates in the office setting. This is in terms of the sitting postures, level of seat comfort, the devices used to reach work like elevators or staircases among others. It is a disorder developed over a long period of time. Visual fatigue This is a problem that affects the eyes of an individual. It is caused by spending too much time before a computer and impairs visual perception (Schwartz, 2011). To prevent and
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