Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy

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Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy

Thomas Edison State College

Men face many health risks as they age. It is important for men to have regular check-ups with their primary care physician. One area men should pay close attention to is the prostate. The prostate is a male reproductive gland that produces the fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation. It surrounds the urethra, the tube through which urine passes out of the body. As men age, past the age of fifty, it is common for the prostate to become enlarged, a condition known as BPH. BPH stands for benign (non-cancerous) prostatic hyperplasia or hypertrophy. It is a condition where the prostate becomes enlarged making urination more difficult by narrowing the urethra. BPH can be
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These treatments are used when the physician does not feel that conventional surgery is yet needed. These treatments use different forms of heat to destroy prostate tissue, including: radiofrequency energy- transurethral needle ablation (TUNA), microwave energy – transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT), electrical current – transurethral electrovaporization (TUVP), hot water – water –induced thermotherapy (WIT) and laser – interstitial laser coagulation (ILC) and holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP). Surgery may be recommended if you have incontinence, recurrent blood in the urine, urinary retention, recurrent UTI’s, kidney failure or bladder stones. There are a few surgical options for BPH. The type of procedure is usually based on the severity of your symptoms and the size and shape of your prostate gland. The first procedure is called a transurethral resection of the prostate also known as TURP. This is the most common and most proven treatment for BPH. A TURP is performed by inserting a scope through the penis and removing the prostate piece by piece. The next surgical option is known as transurethral incision of the prostate also known as TUIP. The procedure is similar to a TURP, but is usually performed to men who have a smaller prostate. This procedure does not usually require a hospital stay. Similar to a TURP, a scope is inserted through the penis until the prostate is reached. Then a small incision is
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