Benito Mussolini, What Is Fascism

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Benito Mussolini, What is Fascism?

Italy faced serious postwar economic problems which became known as "The Two Red Years". It faced inflation problems due to government printing money to pay for weapons, workers on strike, arms and shipbuilders became bankrupt due to lack of government order, and unemployment rose to two million as returning soldiers searched for work. Benito Mussolini, upon being removed from the Socialist Party for advocating Italy 's participation in battle, organized the Fascist Party following the war. He gained followers among war veterans and the middle class by exploiting their fears of unemployment, chaos, communism, and a political domination by lower classes. The Russian Revolution, the collapse of
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Mussolini also states that "happiness is a myth", an unobtainable goal. Fascism is for the purpose of observing and developing humanity and "believes neither in the possibility nor in the utility of perpetual peace." Fascism is the philosophy of government that glorifies the state and nation and assigns control to the state. Mussolini believes that "the foundation of Fascism is the conception of the State, its character, its duty, and its aim." While the state is responsible for organizing the nation, there is a sufficient amount of liberty for the individual. Under Fascism, an Empire is able to lead other nations without conquering them. It resembles Social Darwinism closely. The idea of the survival of the fittest means that the strong nation comes out ahead, and Mussolini promises to become the strongest. With a strong dictatorial leader, wants can be achieved through obtaining strong military and brute force alone. It promoted masculine heroism, militarism, and discipline. Enormous amounts of money were dedicated to military, and to serve in the military was an honor. It proved successful in the
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