Life in Europe took some wild turns during the 20th century, making political parties and ideologies split in many different directions. Nationalism was derived from Enlightenment Thought that represented the nation under one law. Even though the conservatives at the time opposed the idea and socialists were split, things still continuously changed. “Nationalism… was another radical idea that gained popularity in the years after 1815 [and] ... found inspiration in the vision of the people united
times in the annals of world history in the 20th century. Mussolini and Hitler’s rise to power was clearly a threat to the freedoms of the United States and its Allies. Through God’s grace and omnipotence, the US alliance, industrialization and intellectual might, we had the resources required to overcome the fierce and mighty threat of Fascism in the Free World. In the 1930s, European governments found it necessary to appease Hitler and Mussolini. Appeasement is the word that clearly sums up
Francisco Franco, Benito Mussolini, Mao Zedong, Adolf Hitler: these four men are still considered some of the most ruthless dictators of the 20th century. Together they accounted for millions of deaths during their terrible reigns as supreme leader in their respective countries. However, one in this group stands apart from the rest. Only one of these men was named Time Magazine Man of the Year. This very man would be the one and only Adolf Hitler. On January 2, 1939, Adolf Hitler was named “Man of the
Rise and Rule of single-party States Contents1 The Rise and Rule of Single-party States * 1.1 The Emergence of single party states in Europe after 1917 * 1.2 China- Mao Zedong * 1.3 Italy- Benito Mussolini * 1.4 Germany- Adolf Hitler * 1.5 Russia- Josef Stalin * 1.6 Cuba- Fidel Castro | Introduction * The 20th century produced many single-party states. The origins, ideology, form of government, organization, nature, and impact of these should be studied in this
Sick Man of Europe: In the early 20th century, the Ottoman Empire was referred to as the “sick man of Europe”, a name implying that the once great power was falling. This term was first used by Nicholas I of Russia and has since been used to describe many European countries during financial difficulties or poverty. It was applied to the Ottoman Empire as it was progressively deteriorating under the financial control of the European powers and had lost territory in a sequence of devastating wars.
Cataloging-in-Publication Data Essays on twentieth century history / edited by Michael Peter Adas for the American Historical Association. p. cm.—(Critical perspectives on the past) Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 978-1-4399-0269-1 (cloth : alk. paper)—ISBN 978-1-4399-0270-7 (paper : alk. paper)—ISBN 978-1-4399-0271-4 (electronic) 1. History, Modern—20th century. 2. Twentieth century. 3. Social history—20th century. 4. World politics—20th century. I. Adas, Michael, 1943– II. American Historical