Benner's theory and usefulness Essay

1021 Words Oct 10th, 2014 5 Pages
Comment on the usefulness of Benner's work in your present or future role. Provide several examples. Patricia Benner formulated one of high middle range theory and was published in 1984.The model which applies the Dreyfus model outlines five stages of nursing, novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient and expert(Benner1984). The central concepts of Benner’s model are those of competence, skill acquisition, experience, clinical knowledge and practical knowledge. (McEwen &Wills 2014).She also identifies seven domains of nursing practice: Helping role, Teaching or coaching function, Diagnostic client monitoring function, Effective management of rapidly changing situations, Administering and monitoring therapeutic …show more content…
Developing a preceptor program for the unit was a need for the hospital and Benner’s model was used as per the decision by the nurse management and education department. Preceptors were chosen on the basis of their performance and documentation compliance according to unit standards. Documentation of compliance is validated using chart audits. Nurses who wanted to be preceptors also had to get approval from 3 peers and they write a 500 word essay stating why they want to be preceptors and had to attend an eight hour preceptor class .Preceptor education is based on Benner’s concept of framework and how they can support new nurses during their orientation process. Different communication and teaching styles and providing feedback also helped with preceptor orientation.
New graduate nurses have a residency program and they have an extensive 18 week program of orientation. For first 6 weeks they have an advanced beginner nurse .Advanced beginner nurses who has experience for one to two years can relate to new novice nurse and they have load less than the regular nurses on the floor. There are modules and they complete basic training. Then they go to competent nurses who have an experience of two to five years and have 6 weeks, where they take care of more complex patients. The average load of patients has been increased and new novice nurses gain more knowledge. Finally they have orientation with a proficient nurse who
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