Bentham And Mill ( 1806-1873 ) And John Stuart Mill Essay

1302 Words Oct 6th, 2016 6 Pages
The most important utilitarian’s in history are Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873). Bentham and Mill were very important individuals when it came to philosophy. Their theories has had a major impact both on philosophical work and also an impact when it comes too economically, politically, and socially. Utilitarian’s are consequentialist individuals who believe that actions are right inasmuch as they promote happiness. But Mill defines utilitarianism as a theory based on the principle that "actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness." He also defines happiness as pleasure and the absence of pain. He argues that pleasure can be different when it comes to quality and quantity, and that pleasures that are rooted in one 's higher faculties should be weighted more heavily than baser pleasures.
Act utilitarian focuses on the effects of that’s individuals actions, while rule utilitarian focus on the effects of types of actions example, killing or stealing. Utilitarian’s believe that the purpose of morality is to make life better by increasing the amount of good things example, such as pleasure and happiness, in the world and decreasing the amount of bad things such as pain and unhappiness. They reject moral codes that consist of commands that are based on customs, traditions, or orders given by leaders or supernatural beings. Instead, utilitarian think that is what makes a…
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