Berlin : The Berlin Wall

2048 Words Nov 8th, 2014 9 Pages
Matthew Chang
November 16, 2014
Berlin Paper: The Berlin Wall

Overview
After the conclusion of World War II, Germany was split into four sections, each occupied by the respective nations of France, Britain, America, and the Soviet Union. The Western nations of France, Britain, and the United States joined together and formed West Germany, while the communist U.S.S.R. maintained its own grip on East Germany.

The capital of Germany, Berlin, was likewise divided into four sections occupied by the aforementioned nations. Again, the Western nations (France, Britain, U.S.A.) occupied the western-half of Berlin (West Berlin) and the Soviet Union occupied the eastern half (East Berlin). Though the whole of Berlin was occupied by four powers, its borders lay entirely within the Soviet Union’s section of Germany.

West Berlin, which had access to recovery programs such as the Marshall Plan, swiftly improved from its previous war-torn state and rose to greater economic heights. East Germany however, existing under the harsh, punishing command of the Soviet Union, failed to make such a grand comeback. It instead faltered into a stagnant, heavily-controlled nation with little freedom and no signs of economic or social improvement. Since the Soviet Union had viewed their zone as a spoil of war and wanted repayments for WWII, the Soviets pilfered factory equipment and other valuable assets and shipped them back to the U.S.S.R. In East Germany, the economy dragged and individual…

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