In society there is a lot of misconception of the term racism. According to the merriam-webster dictionary members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of others race which many people would agree with. What is racism? The normal person if asked will simply reply, not liking someone for their color of their skin. Racism from my attitude which is substantiated by historically events is a system of power .Thus is a system of power i.e. to control the world and its people. Employed by Europeans to subjugate and discriminate against other groups, in particular Africans/black people. Racism is a power which ran thru a systemic way to hinder and sabotage other groups. The system is so elaborate that it almost seems nonexistence
Racism is an ideology that is based on the principle that human beings can be subdivided and ranked into categories as being inferior or superior. It’s worth mentioning that in recent years the concept or notion of racism has changed. Racism in the post-racial twenty-first century is now marked by subtlety that discriminates against individuals through unnoticeable or seemingly passive methods. Although overt racism has decreased since the 1960s, it has been supplemented by what is called colorblind racism,” which refers to “contemporary racial inequality as the outcome of nonracial dynamics” (p. 455-456).
Many of these “racist” are unable to give up beliefs that motivate their “special advantages” they gain in the social order. They are ignorant to the evidence that belittles their beliefs and attitudes. They resist the truth when they realize that this can actually take advantage of them, belittling them and their claims. This isn't always the case as some black people internalized these negative claims and utilized them to be their best virtue in their own interest. The evidence presented to the extrinsic racist helps against the theoretical propositions, as it all relies on the person's deductive and inductive reasoning to the dominant group. They are not able to to make moral distinctions without putting their moral difference aside. Extrinsic racism is the most common form of racism as it used to cause harm to see them independently morally flawed. They are proposed to be both moral and theoretical, but ultimately draw false claims to the view of extrinsic racism.
Overall, the United States prison system and society’s view of African Americans needs to change. People need to make sure that the mistakes society has made in the past do not repeat themselves. In order to fix many of the existing problems it is important to focus on reforming the prison system. Doing so would prevent many future cases of injustice and racial
Recent sociological studies have focused on pressing social issues such as urban crime and mass incarceration, and examining the invisible link between urban crime, poverty and race. Research indicates that mass incarceration has always worked to the detriment of African Americans, especially the low-income earners (Western, 2006). The aftermath of this trend is that the employment prospects of former felons are significantly diminished (Pager, 2007). Felon disfranchisement in turn distorts the local and national politics of the county (Uggen, 2006). This paper focuses on addressing the contemporary trends and ramifications of mass incarceration of African Americans, and elucidating on the criminal justice policy and the factors contributing to the intangible but real racial divide.
All societal groups are affected by the issue of imprisonment, but it is a far more likely occurrence among marginalized cultural groups, particularly African Americans. As the United States celebrates the nation's triumph over race with the selection of Barack Obama as the first African American male president, a majority of young black males in major American cities are locked behind bars, or categorized felons for life (Alexander, 2010, p. 1). Bonczar and Beck (1997) report that:
Racism isn’t hating someone because of their race. Prejudice is not a misconception of who a person is. Racism is being prejudiced because a person believes their race is superior; and, prejudice is a preconceived opinion not based on any prior experience. In other words, racism is when a person has a preconceived opinion about another person because they feel their race is superior. Racism and prejudice are probably two of the most talked about and controversial words 60 years ago and still today. When Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat and Martin L. King marched on Selma they didn’t think we would still be in such a place today; we are in a place where people are not allowed to be themselves without facing judgment. This is the same prejudice and racism members of society face in schools, by students and educators which limits their ability to progress in a world full of competition and rise above what demographics say they are destined to become. As the great Charles Albert Tindley once said, “We Shall Overcome!”
Beverly Tatum incorporates the concept of White privilege into her writing to address the fundamental issues surrounding racism. In "Defining Racism," a chapter in Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria, Tatum defines racism as “a system of advantage based on race” (P.6) In an accurate and inoffensive way she illustrates racism and extends it beyond the individual, placing blame on the greater American social structure. Throughout the development of her definition she places great emphasis on the fact that racism, like sexism, is something exhibited by the dominant group (whites/men) upon the subordinate group (people of color/women). She does this to demonstrate the structured aspect of racism as an institutional norm and not necessarily something that is actively practiced by individuals. This approach is less offensive to whites and creates a context for self awareness
Tatum uses David Wellman’s definition of racism to set up the way racism is talked about in this book, however I mildly disagree with this definition.While I disagree with this part in her book I strongly agree with the idea that race she be talked about at a young age. In Tatum 's book she states, “He defines racism as a ‘System of advantage based on race’” (Tatum 7). This quote states that minorities cannot be racist because they do not benefit from past oppression which has helped form this system. I mildly disagree with this statement because there are several problems that arise from having this belief. However, I think this is wrong. Because there is a hierarchy in race, minorities who are farther up the line might benefit while other minorities who are “lower” on the line are further oppressed. By holding this concept as true, we ignore the fact that interminority racism exists. Due to the fact that this hierarchy has been formed over time certain minorities might find it easier to be accepted by the general population, and therefore, may benefit from their placement on the ladder of race. For example, an Asian minority
Merriam-Webster fully defines racism as “a belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race”. In his article, Balkaran points out that racial discourse can be inferred to be aversive, academic, scientific, legalistic, bureaucratic, economic, cultural, linguistic, religion, mythical, or ideological. He states that racial discourse and expressions have been prevalent towards African-Americans. “Race matters exist in different places and at different times under widely varying conditions,” he writes. This pushes into the understanding of racism in the history of the United States.
“The United States imprisons a larger percentage of its black population than South Africa did at the height of apartheid. In Washington, D.C., our nation’s capitol, it is estimated that three out of four young black men (and nearly all those in the poorest neighborhoods) can expect to serve time in prison” (Alexander, 2012). The numbers tell the story better than words can: black people are more likely to go to prison than any other race in the United States, shown by the fact that more than 60% of the prison population is composed of people of color (The Sentencing Project, 2016). These statistics can be traced back to several different cause, including the Era of Jim Crow and the War on Drugs, both of which led to higher policing in minority areas.
For those who practiced racism, the effects of racism were detrimental as well. Racist viewpoints were taught to white children at very young ages, and this caused them to grow up hating blacks. This caused black parents to instill fear of white people in their own children, and made them become racist as well. Racism among whites usually varied on social status, however. Wealthier whites tended to be more racist than those in the lower class. On the contrary,
Racism is the negative treatment of a person based off their race. Throughout history African Americans are the minority group that has faced the most racism and oppression. African Americans began as slaves in this country after slavery ended they were still inferior due to segregation. Race is what has caused this oppression for African Americans making this form of oppression racism. As stated in the lecture “Racism can refer to personal or social beliefs, practices, and different institutions that discriminate against people based on their perceived or attributed race.” (Reali, 2017) Today in society the way that African Americans are
Cone feels that one of the most serious charges that have been leveled against advocates of Black Power are that they are black racists. It is true that blacks hate whites but the hatred is not racists. Webster defines racism as “the assumption that psycho cultural traits and capacities are determined by