Beyond Massa: Sugar Management in the British Caribbean by John F. Campbell

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In the book Beyond Massa: Sugar Management in the British Caribbean, 1770-1834, by John F. Campbell, it’s main focus encompasses and revolves around issues surrounding slavery practices by using Golden Grove estate in Jamaica as a primary source during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The author highlighted the slavery period of the sugar monoculture era, followed by the development of amelioration policies, to the abolition of the slave trade in 1807, and finally the failed industry in 1834. The book uses archival data which logically analyses, revises and modifies the historical ideologies, thus manifesting revisionist philosophies about sugar estates in the Caribbean region. It really sets the reader to have different insights…show more content…
On the other hand enslaved people also played their part exhibiting deviation from the patriarchal norm. Women like Mrs Wyllie who brought Golden Groove before court, Nanny another enslaved African who conducted resistance networks and was an obeah priestess and female leader of these resisting oppressions, had two villages named after her and a bountiful of others hoisting active revolts and sexual liaisons. These movements demonstrated a “power-female head” (Campbell 103) along with “diffused” (Campbell 93) command structure and distinctly reveals the major differences in the female paradigm compared to that of the England and West Africa system. In the meantime, specifically around the period of 1798, the Amelioration Policy emerged which was then replaced by the Slave Trade Act in 1807 up until its “signaled death” (Campbell 127) and official dismantling in 1834. Admittedly this measure is a revisionist point since little reference to analyse this aspect of plantation society is made in many avaliable notes and texts thus making a rich source endorsed by facts for ‘new’ information. Instead of the general idea that slavery was one hundred percent brutality and dehumanization, many aspects are brought forward, for example the maintaining and prolonging of enslaved health and life in the early 18th century via plantation doctors, clothes, food, miscellaneous items and incentives.

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