Old Testament Bible Dictionary Project: Exodus/Moses/Sinai
Exodus is the second book of five in the Pentateuch or Torah of the Old Testament. It is also the second book in the Hebrew Bible, and is known as V’elleh Shemoth, while in the Greek Bible it is known as Exodus, meaning “departure” or “outgoing”. Moses is believed to be the author of Exodus, and it was most likely written during the forty years of wandering in the wilderness, between 1451 and 1491 BC. Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write this as a memorial in a book and recite it in the ears of Joshua, that I will utterly blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven” (Exodus 17:14).
The main themes of Exodus is God’s covenant…show more content…
Thou shall not Covet (Exodus 20:3-17). Along with the Ten Commandments Moses is said to be the author of the five books of the Pentateuch or Torah.
Currently, it is believed by most that Mount Sinai is located in a collection of peaks that are sometimes called the Holy Mountain peaks. This cluster of peaks include; Jebel Musa (7,370 ft.), Mount Catherine (8,550 ft.) and Ras Sufsafeh (6,540 ft.). Sinai is actually known by many other names, including; Mount Sinai, Mount Horeb, Mountain of God, Mountain of Moses, or the current name Jebel Musa. The mountain is said to be part of the Sinai Peninsula, and located between Arabia and Egypt. A Jewish historian named, Josephus wrote, "Moses went up to a mountain that lay between Egypt and Arabia, which was called Sinai". The significance of this mountain is that this is where God, chose to speak to Moses. Both through the burning bush; to call Moses to lead the Israelites out of Egypt and through Moses to write the Ten Commandments upon two stone tablets.
There are of course debates as to where the true Mount Sinai is located some of the arguments include; One being far northeast of Jebel Musa near the Gulf of Aqabam, with another being far north of Jebel Musa because of the battle of the Amalekites. Galatians 4:25 also says, “Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia; she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children”. It is also debated