Biblical Allusions In Grapes Of Wrath

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The Bible is most widely sold book in history, and possibly the most influential. Contrast that with The Grapes of Wrath, a book that was banned in America until rather recently, and the two seem very unrelated. However, John Steinbeck uses the bible as a source of inspiration in The Grapes of Wrath and includes references to the Bible throughout the book. Steinbeck’s book serves to protest the large big business capitalism, that plagues the migrants throughout the book and promotes a socialist revolution in the United States. The biblical references featured in The Grapes of Wrath are meant to show the common people will always prevail over the powerful minority, and there will always be a Christ-like figure that will lead that revolution. Steinbeck utilizes The Grapes of Wrath to open the reader to the idea of a democratic socialist revolution in the United States by grounding his argument in biblical allusions to emphasize his socialist rhetoric. The biblical allusions of The Grapes of Wrath start even before the book is opened. The title itself is an allusion to the book of “Revelations", how God will come out of the vineyard to purge the world of its evil. During an interchapter, Steinbeck calls attention to his title in a passage to close the chapter. Steinbeck’s philosophy in the book is the need for a socialist society and he projects this onto the migrants,“The eyes of the people there is the failure; and in the eyes of the hungry there is a growing wrath. In the
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