Essay on Biblical Allusions in Lord of the Flies

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Biblical Allusions in Lord of the Flies

In the story, Lord of the Flies, there are many biblical allusions; Simon represents Jesus, the pig’s head represents Satan or rather their satanic sides, Jack represents Judas, and the island represents the Garden of Eden. Through out this novel these allusions play large parts in the story and ideals place in the story.

Simon, one of the major characters in the story, is set as the allusion of Jesus. Christ always had an affinity with children; in Ch. 4, he shows his way with the ‘littluns’ by picking fruit for them. This shows his goodness by nature. Also, like Christ, he saw the atavistic problem of the hunters and tried to bring them back to good. As in the bible, Simon, like Christ, dies
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The Pig’s head, dubbed Lord of the Flies and as one of Satan's names is Beelzebub (Mt. 12:24) which means "Lord of the flies." shows that the pigs head represents Satan. When Simon goes off to meditate he is confronted with the pig’s head, as Jesus was confronted with Satan when he left for forty days and forty nights. Simon’s talk with the Lord of the Flies is akin to Christ's temptation by Satan. In the New Testament, Satan tells Christ not to kill himself for us but to enjoy life and power. Simon is told that if he doesn’t "run off and play", the hunters and the Lord of the Flies will "do you in."

Jack, one of the lead characters in the novel, alludes to the biblical figure Judas for his betrayal to the good of the people brought forth by Jesus. Jack is the reason Simon is killed, for he betrayed Ralph’s rules and brought forth the evil within the children’s minds. Jack refuses Ralph’s ideas and regulations in trade for fun and hunting. This shows his betrayal to the good of man and his want to bring evil forth to the island.

The island, in the novel, represents the Garden of Eden. In particular Simon’s little hideout can be related to the garden of Eden as that what was once beautiful becomes terrifying with the pig’s head being placed in the centre of his hideout. The island that was once lovely, seeming like paradise, becomes burnt by the end of the novel, "like dead wood,"
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