Bibliographic Essay on African American History

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Bibliographic Essay on African American History Introduction
In the essay “On the Evolution of Scholarship in Afro- American History” the eminent historian John Hope Franklin declared “Every generation has the opportunity to write its own history, and indeed it is obliged to do so.”1 The social and political revolutions of 1960s have made fulfilling such a responsibility less daunting than ever. Invaluable references, including Darlene Clark Hine, ed. Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia 2nd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004); Evelyn Brooks Higgingbotham, ed., Harvard Guide to African American History (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001); Arvarh E. Strickland and Robert E.
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Morgan, American Slavery American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial
Virginia (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1975), offers a cogent explanation of the anomaly while T. H. Breen and Stephen
Innes, "Myne Owne Ground": Race and Freedom on Virginia 's Eastern
Shore, 1640-1676 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1980) personify the changing status of Africans in the Old Dominion.
Kenneth Morgan’s Slavery and Servitude in Colonial North America:
A Short History (Washington Square: New York University Press,
2000) covers much of the same argument as Morgan but includes a larger geographical region. Most general sources contain limited discussions of enslaved women, especially in the North, but Nell Irving Painter,
Sojourner Truth: A Life, A Symbol (New York: W. W. Norton &
Company, 1996); C. W. Larison, Sylvia Dubois, A Biography of the
Slave who Whipt her Mistres and Gand her Fredom (New York: Oxford
University Press, 1988), and Kenneth E. Marshall, “Work, Family and Day-to-Day Survival on an Old Farm: Nance Melick, a Rural
Late Eighteenth- and Early Nineteenth-century New Jersey Slave
Woman,” Slavery and Abolition 19 (December 1998): 22-45, help to eradicate the void. The incongruent existence of
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