Bilingual Children With Typical Development

959 Words Apr 8th, 2016 4 Pages
ABSTRACT: Bilingual children with typical development have language behaviors that mimic language impairment in monolingual children. For example, the receptive-expressive gap (receptive > expressive) mimics a monolingual expressive language disorder. The mechanisms underlying this gap are not well understood. The current study explores inhibition as a contributor to the receptive-expressive gap.

Several language behaviors of bilingual children with typical development (TD) resemble language behaviors of monolingual children with language impairment (Bedore & Peña, 2008). This complicates the identification of language impairment among bilingual children and often leads to over- or under-diagnoses of language impairment.

A hallmark of language impairment is the inability for individuals to produce words that they know (American Psychiatric Association, 2000; 2001; World Health Organization, 2005). However, bilingual children with typical development have been shown to present with just this language behavior in the absence of any language impairment (Gibson, Oller, Jarmulowicz, & Ethington, 2012) in both their first language (Barnett, Yarosz, Thomas, Jung, & Blanco, 2007; Oller & Eilers, 2002) and second language (Gibson, Peña, & Bedore, 2012; in revision). The discrepancy in which comprehension (receptive language) significantly exceeds production (expressive language) beyond what is typical has been called the receptive-expressive gap (Gibson, Oller, et al., 2012).…
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