Bilingual Development : A Perspective From First Language Attrition

1348 Words Apr 7th, 2016 6 Pages
Starting Article Summary
The starting point article I chose to focus on for this comparison was ‘The Debate on Maturational Constraints in Bilingual Development: A Perspective from First-Language Attrition’ by Monika S. Schmid. In her study and subsequent article, she wanted to see if there was a correlation between Second Language Learners (and their age of acquisition) and Native Fluency - in detail, whether or not they have a maturational constraint in reaching native fluency in grammar, morphology, and the like.The study compared 20 (German L1) long-term users of their second language (English), 20 advanced immersed second language users (German L2, English L1), and 20 monolingual, native German speaking controls. The bilingual subjects were matched based on their proficiency and use of German in their day to day life. The study wanted to see if the German L2 speakers were able to match proficiency with the German L1 speakers, and to see if the German L1 speakers that are long-term users of English would still perform within Native Fluency and monolingual accuracy. Schmid used a series of questions to gauge the speaker’s knowledge and usage of German grammar and morphology, and found that in grammar, German L2 speakers performed comparatively well versus the German L1 bilinguals, but in some areas of morphology, German L1 bilinguals and the German L1 monolinguals outperformed the German L2 speakers. Thus, because of these findings, the study concluded that there is a…
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