Bilingual Education And Bilingualism

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Benefits of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
The United States of America is host to a large population of immigrants from all over the globe. For this reason, bilingual education has been a topic of discussion for decades, as children who have migrated with their families need an adequate education that will allow them to succeed. In order to provide English language learners (ELLs) with the best educational experience, it is important to recognize that bilingual education and bilingualism can support academic achievement and brain development.
According to Esposito & Baker-Ward (2013), one of the benefits of bilingualism is that it improves children's executive function (EF), which is the ability to manage time and focus. Measures
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Viorica, Shook, & Schroeder (2013), found that ELL students enrolled in a dual language program in the Chicago area were first taught reading and writing in their native language from kindergarten to second grade, and then transitioned to transfer their knowledge to English. To measure the outcomes, the researchers used two state-mandated assessments: The State Measure of Annual Growth in English and the State Standards Achievement Test. Based on the data collected after the tests were administered, the researchers found that two-way immersion is beneficial for both ELLs and native English speakers as they performed better than those students in the transitional bilingual program.
Gross (2016), extends this point with an example taken from a multi-year study of North Carolina low-income black students enrolled in a two-way dual language program, from 2007 to 2010. Students in the program scored higher in reading and math than their classmates who were being taught in one language, yet were from the same racial and socioeconomic background.
Promotes a Flexible Mind
One theme that emerges from recent research about bilingualism is that it promotes a flexible mind. Cristoffels, Hann, Steenberg, Van den Wildenberg, and Colzato (2014) explain that people who are bilingual can develop a flexible mindset because switching between languages can benefit cognitive control, which is the
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