Bilingual Education And Multiculturalism

2056 WordsOct 31, 20179 Pages
First, it is important to identify two main types of bilingual education; transitional and maintenance. Transitional means the primary focus is on learning the dominant language, while drifting apart from the minority language. On the other hand, maintenance deals with maintaining and developing the L1 while also trying to learn the dominant language (Hidden Curriculum, 2014). The main focus of maintenance is to help the child maintain their cultural identity while also trying to help them learn the minority language while living in a society that is prevalent in that specific language (Hidden Curriculum, 2014). Now that we have had the chance to talk about bilingual education and talk about two important aspects of bilingual education…show more content…
This case led to the next crucial case in 1982, which was the Plyer v. Doe. The Supreme Court ruled that undocumented children cannot be denied access to education solely on the basis of their immigration status (Noel, 2008). The U. S. Supreme Court felt as though children who were not able to receive education and who were denied the right to education would be drastically harmed throughout their lifetime which is why this case was passed. Many of these undocumented citizens came from Mexico, primarily from Texas and California. The two cases set the stage for immigration into the United States. Prior to these two cases, many people were turned away because they knew little to know English and were seen useless in the United States. This goes against multiculturalism because these minority groups were not treated with the same respect and were viewed as inferior to the dominant culture which was English. Now that we have some background history on the immigration and refugee status it is important to talk about the political trends against bilingual education and multiculturalism that exist today. The first topic that will be introduced is the DREAM Act (Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act). The Dream Act allows current, former and future undocumented high-school graduates and GED recipients a three-step pathway to US citizenship through college, work or the armed forces (The Dream Act, n.d.). One important aspect through the DREAM act is
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