Bilingual Education and Native Language Maintenance

2195 WordsFeb 17, 20189 Pages
According to Ethnologue (Grimes, 1996) cited in Purwo, K. (2000), there are 6703 languages in the world. The distribution of those languages is in sequence Asia 2,165 or 32%, Africa 2,011 or 30%, the pacific 1,302 19%, The Americas 1,000 or 15% and Europe 225 or 3% . Asia becomes the continent with the most living languages in the world. Those languages are distributed in each country, and particularly, Indonesia is the second most living languages in the world, after Papua Nugini. Indonesia according to Grimes (1992) cited in Purwo, k. (2000) is reported to have 706 languages while Papua newgunie has 867 languages. Mostly, the 700s languages in Indonesia is in the eastern Indonesia in which Silzer and Heikkinen (1991) in Purwo, K. (2000) reports that 240 of the languages are in Irian Jaya. A number of the languages in the world are in danger if there is no effort to maintain the language. UNESCO reported that 10 languages are dead every year . Purwo further explains that in Australia in 18 centuries, there were 250 languages and today, there are only 20 languages left. A language can exist if the speakers of the language are more than 100,000 people. If we consider this condition, in Indonesia, there are 109 languages, not Java, which have less than 100,000 speakers. Those languages spread in Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Maluku, and NTT. In Lampung, according to Gunawan (1994) cited in Purwo, K. (2000) there are 1,500,000 speakers of Lampung language,
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