Bilingualism And Aphasia A Theoretical Review

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Bilingualism and Aphasia a Theoretical Review Roxanne M. Cazarez Florida State University Bilingualism in the United States has risen steadily over the past several decades. According to the U.S. Census Bureau in 2011, 21% of the population reported speaking a language other than English. The expanding multiculturalism in this country has been compared to a “salad bowl” that blends “ingredients” into a cohesive but distinctive integration. Likewise, the organization of the brain can be thought of comparatively in that localized parts of the brain have different functions but integrate when mediating behaviors of the mind. However, speaking two or more languages impacts the way language and behavior is processed. Research has been conducted to explore dual language representation and its impact on neural organization after injury. Such research has revealed neurophysiological differences and recovery patterns in bilinguals with aphasia. The purpose of this paper is to explain the two main theoretical constructs that explain dual language representation and the clinical implications to those who are bilingual and have aphasia. It is important to recognize the neurological differences amongst monolingual and bilingual individuals. In the research community, many studies have been conducted to investigate the way both groups process language. Cross-linguistic development anatomically changes the structure of the brain that results in an enlarged

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