Pauline Marois graduated with a bachelor’s degree in social services from the University of Laval in 1971 (Parti Québécois, n.d.). She then went on to proceeded, in 1976, to obtain a master’s degree in business administration from the University of Montreal (Parti Québécois, n.d.). She is the leader of the Parti Quebecois since 2007, and is also the Prime minister of Québec since 2012 (Parti Québécois, n.d.). Pauline Marois and the Parti Québécois proposed Bill 60, also known as the Charter of Values, in fall of 2013 (Riga, 2014, para. 7). Therefore the purpose of this paper will be to analyse the goal of this bill, the ways it may be achieved, and the central criticisms of it.
First of all, Bill 60 is officially defined as being a “charter affirming the values of State secularism and religious neutrality and equality between women and men, and providing a framework for accommodation requests (National Assembly, Bill 60, 2014). This definition can be interpreted in simpler terms. To begin, people who work in governmental positions, for example, must be impartial when it comes to religious elements and show how non-religious or spiritual the State is (National Assembly, Bill 60, 2014). Furthermore, when it comes to accommodation requests made on religious grounds, some elements have to be respected. There are many examples when it comes to having a scheme for these accommodations such as: both men and women must be treated equally, and also the accommodation should be